On February 26, 1616 Galileo was ordered “to abandon completely the…opinion that the sun stands still at the center of the world and the earth moves, and henceforth not to hold, teach, or defend it in any way whatever, either orally or in writing.”
In 1907 the Flemish-American chemist Leo Baekeland succeeded in creating a product that was among the first synthetic plastics. It was the first plastic that retained its shape when heated. On February 5, 1909 Baekeland announced his invention at a meeting of the American Chemical Society. Later than year the product, which he called Bakelite, was patented, and soon it was being manufactured. In a little more than a century, plastic products, once a novelty, have become ubiquitous and unavoidable.