February 2 marks the anniversary of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which brought an end to the Mexican-American war of 1846–48. The terms of the treaty gave the United States the land that eventually became the states of California, Nevada, Utah, most of Arizona and parts of Colorado and New Mexico. Statehood came quickly for California, more slowly for Utah, New Mexico and Arizona.
On January 28, 1909, the occupation of Cuba by the United States ended, and troops were withdrawn from Cuba, with the exception of the naval base on Guantánamo Bay. The base is there to this day and is now the location of a controversial detention center.