On February 27, 1922, the Supreme Court of the United States overthrew a challenge to the 19th Amendment, thus assuring that no state could deny women the right to vote.
January 31, 1801 marks the anniversary of John Marshall’s appointment as Chief Justice. Just weeks before the second President of the United States, John Adams, left office, he nominated Marshall and made sixteen other appointments of federal court judges, all this to protect his legacy against the incoming President-elect, Thomas Jefferson. President Franklin D. Roosevelt also tried (unsuccessfully) to pack the Supreme Court to protect his New Deal policies against Supreme Court decisions. Machinations around federal court appointments continue to this day.